6. C PROGRAMMING LAB | Check Now

C PROGRAMMING LAB –06] Introduce 1D Array manipulation and implement binary search


Algorithm

  • Step-1: Start
  • Step-2: [Read the value of N]-Read N
  • Step-3: [Enter the elements in the ascending order]- For i=0 to N-1 is to be read from keyboard
  • Step-4: [Enter a element for searching that could be a key element]
  • Step-5: Intitially set low=0 and high = N
  • Step-6: [Find out the middle value]-Mid = (low + high)/2;
  • Step-7: Check wheather the key value is lesser than the middle value than goto step 8
    • Check wheather the key value is greater than the middle value than goto step 9
  • Step-8: high = mid -1
  • Step-9: low = mid + 1
  • Step-10: if key value and mid- value are same then goto step 11 if not than goto step 12
  • Step-11: Successful search
  • Step-12: Not searched the key element
  • Step-13: Stop

Flowchart

C PROGRAMMING -binary search

Program -6 source code

#include<stdio.h>
#include<string.h>

void main()
{
 char name[50][50],key[50];
 int n,i,low,high,mid,found=0;
 printf("How many names to Read:\n");
 scanf("%d",&n);
 printf("Enter the Names in ascending order:\n");
 for(i=0;i<n;i++)
 {
  scanf("%s",name[i]);
 }
 printf("\nType the name to be searched:");
 scanf("%s",key);

 low=0;
 high=n-1;
 while(low<=high && !found)
 {
  mid=(low+high)/2;
  if(strcmp(name[mid],key)==0)
   found=1;
     else if(strcmp(name[mid],key)<0)
   low=mid+1;
     else
   high=mid-1;
 }

 if(found==1)
  printf("\nSearch successful and Name found in the list at  position:%d",mid+1);
 else
  printf("Name not found and search Unsuccessful....!");

}

C PROGRAMMING -Output

  • How many names to Read:
    • 3
    • Enter the names in ascending order
      • abhishek
      • keshev
      • veresh
        • Type the name to be searched
          • keshav
  • Search successful and name found in the list at position : 2

C PROGRAMMING -Viva Questions

1] What is an array / definition of array

2] What are the types of array?

3] What is a multidimensional array?

4] How to declare and initialize one dimensional array?

5] What are the advantages of an array?

6] What is the difference between array and string?

7] Write the syntax of declaring an array.

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